I learnt this tune from Patrick Hodgson, who plays a lot of English tunes on the accordion. It is called St. Catherine’s, or Saint Catherine. This version is in G major, but I have found sheet music with it in A major and with the composer listed as John Barrett, which says it is also known as Rigaudon.
There is another tune called Rigaudon on this site in the key of D (with the composer given as J.P. Rameau) which may have come from the same origin, but I reckon this one is different enough to merit its own entry.
I like the unexpected drop to E in the fourth line | G2 E4 Bc |, which sounds (and looks) quite comical when played on the accordion, and the change to the dominant when the second half begins.
Type of dance
Rigadon is a type of dance, bit like bouree, rather than a unique tune name. I vaguely remember the Rameau one from chilhood piano lessons some time in the Mesolithic Era (though curiously I think the dance is baroque)
This is the name in Playford. Also known as My Lord Cutt’s Delight from the (earlier) Henry Atkinson’s manuscript from Northumberland.
See Anahata on You tube
A fine rendering here by Leveret (Andy Cutting, Sam Sweeney and Rob Harbron).
… beginning at 1:58
Saint Catherine - Canonical Version
X:2 should probably be considered as the canonical version of the tune, as it’s transcribed from the 1701 edition of Playford’s Dancing Master.
The Playford MS shows no repeat at the end of the second part. This is reinforced by a note below the manuscript: "The first Strain is to be play’d twice, and the second Strain once."
An important consideration if playing the tune for the dance …